Classification of Tea
Orthodox Teas(Leaf Teas)
These teas are blackish / brownish in appearance and comprise of four main categories:
Long and Wiry, Grade name FTGFOP (Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe) or TGFOP, GFOP, FOP in decreasing order of quality and fineness in leaf appearance.
Meaning what it says i.e., smaller in size, Grade name TGBOP (Tippy Golden Broken Orange Pekoe) or FBOP, BOP in decreasing order of quality.
Still smaller and lighter particles than Brokens, Grade name GOF (Golden Orange Fannings) or FOF, OF, in decreasing order of quality.
The smallest particles-powder. Grade name PD (Pekoe Dust).
In the cup, Orthodox Teas are generally bright and brisk. The whole leaf grades are lighter than the brokens. In fact, the smaller the leaf particle, the more colour and body it infuses.
These teas are blackish / brown and the Crush, Tear and Curl (CTC) process of manufacture makes the teas granular. They comprise of 3 main grades viz. Brokens, Fannings and Dust. CTC brews quickly and makes a full bodied gustier cup than Orthodox Tea with almost double cuppage.
Green Tea(Leaf Teas)
These teas are processed differently (without fermenting) and are greenish in leaf colour, giving a very mild pale yellowish green liquor.
White Tea(Leaf Teas)
These teas are hand processed and semi-fermented. Only the delicate buds (middle leaf) are used.
The principal chemical constituents of Tea are Caffeine, Tannin and Essential Oils. The first gives the stimulation, the second gives the body and strength and the third gives the flavour and aroma.
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